Examples of Process and Partnerships
The following are examples of process and partnership strategies that have been used to undertake local planning efforts in conjunction with surrounding military installations.
Prince George's County Military Installation Overlay Zoning Map Amendment: In response to a request from Joint Base Andrews, the Prince George's County Council directed its planning department to prepare a Joint Land Use Study (JLUS) for the land and communities surrounding the installation. The JLUS was completed in 2009, and in 2012 a JLUS Implementation Committee was established by a local resolution, with 5 years to implement the study's recommendations. The committee initially helped guide the drafting and adoption of Interim Land Use Controls designed to mitigate hazards and encroachments. The committee further worked to advance new regulations and procedures for developing land near Joint Base Andrews for a set period of time. Although the Interim Land Use Controls expired on June 30, 2015, in November 2015 the county council adopted legislation, CB-42-2015, creating a Military Installation Overlay (M-I-O) Zone and a process to apply the regulations to areas restricted by military operations. In November 2016 the District Council approved the Military Installation Overlay Map Amendment (MIOZMA), which applied the M-I-O Zone regulations to mapped properties and amended existing overlay zones.
City of Homestead Comprehensive Airport Zoning Ordinance: With support from base leadership, the environmental chief at Homestead Air Reserve Base in southern Florida engaged Homestead and Miami-Dade County elected officials and planners to discuss compatibility issues. Homestead completed a JLUS for the Base in 2007, which was used to update the 2004 Air Installation Compatible Use Zone (AICUZ). The AICUZ study contained updated noise and accident potential zones, with guidelines for developing compatible land uses based on the updated information in the JLUS. Once the studies were completed, the city enacted the
Homestead Comprehensive Airport Zoning Ordinance, which regulates land uses, heights of structures and vegetation near the installation, and building standards for structures within high noise zones.
City of Virginia Beach APZ-1/CZ Master Plan: In 2005, the Virginia cities of Chesapeake, Norfolk, and Virginia Beach completed a JLUS for NAS Oceana and two outlying airfields. Virginia Beach established an Oceana Land Use Conformity Committee that recommended to the city council and development authority changes to local land uses that would reduce incompatible development. The Oceana Land Use Conformity Committee oversaw the development of an APZ-1/CZ Master Plan, which was ultimately enacted in 2008. The master plan guides future uses of property located in APZ 1, and the clear zones for NAS Oceana's runways. The master plan is also part of a wide-ranging regulatory and policy initiative to ensure compatible uses. The plan and the adopted AICUZ Overlay Ordinance have resulted in removing or converting 380 incompatible residential units and commercial structures
as of 2014.